secret armies ranged from dozens in some nations to hundreds or even thousands limited work had been carried out on the phenomenon of the secret NATO. Full text of "Ganser - NATO's Secret Armies - Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe ().pdf (PDFy mirror)". See other formats. CONTENTS. Daniele Ganser is a Senior Researcher at the Center for Security Studies at the Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich, Switzerland. He studied at Basel .
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Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism in Western Europe, who joins us for a fascinating . absolutely and beyond any doubt that NATO had secret armies, called Gladio in Italy and stay behind in [external PDF]. This fascinating new study shows how the CIA and the British secret service, in collaboration with the military alliance NATO and European military secret. In , the existence of a secret anti-Communist stay-behind army in Italy, codenamed 'Gladio' and linked to NATO, was revealed. Subsequently, similar.
So it was with Gladio. After the decision was made to organize underground resistance movements, stay-behinds as they were called, the CIA had to look for recruits among the public. The logic for recruitment was very cynical: These people could be relied upon to fight communists until the death, they would never accept them.
Finally, the ugly. These secret armies were not dormant, they were active; and the bigger the communist party or the more opposed to American FP was in a NATO country, the more Gladio action they had. To me, this all sounded incredible, until I looked into it — and it was all likely to be true.
The bombing of the Bologna train station, the Oktoberfest bombing and the Brabant killings all had clear links to Gladio and served a political purpose. The Italian terrorist Vincenzo Vinciguerra, responsible for the Bologna train station bombing, publicly stated he committed the atrocity for political purposes to manipulate public opinion into calls for an authoritarian state and how he received approval from people in high places.
He even resented being called "neofascist", because he saw himself as an instrument of the state! I think Ganser could have done more with the story, but, then again, why has nobody else looked into this?
At least, Ganser managed to collect all the relevant information and show how similar the separate national Gladio networks were. Highly recommended. I watched Daniele Ganser's video on youtube.
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After that, I was really curious about the book. I found texts about the chapter of Turkey on the internet after that I wanted to decide to download because I want to sure about that if I download it worths the money which I paid. At the beginning of the chapter;" In the years following the First World War the much smaller Armenian ethnic group tragically became the target of a Turkish genocide as out of about 2 million Armenians who had lived in the Ottoman I watched Daniele Ganser's video on youtube.
At the beginning of the chapter;" In the years following the First World War the much smaller Armenian ethnic group tragically became the target of a Turkish genocide as out of about 2 million Armenians who had lived in the Ottoman Empire only about , survived while 1,, were killed". As a historian, he must search history deeply, but he didn't. Politicians always say that but historian not Daniele, truly unbiased historians have not said anything, yet.
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Turkish General Staff has opened all documents about this term and say that we did not genocide to Armenians. In addition this, they invited Armenian historians to Turkey for a corporation but I suppose they have not go to Turkey I think they know that Turkey did not genocide. If Daniele Ganser is a good historian, he should not write uncertain things in his book. After all of that, I will download this book, I don't know..
If he can write uncertain information about countries's history in his book, the other all facts are true? I don't know Jan 03, Linus rated it it was ok. Mar 09, Doug rated it liked it Shelves: Though written in dull, academic style, this story exploded on the scene in the early s, with various European governments confirming it.
Since that never occurred, these secret armies ended up taking part in numerous false-flag terrorist operations they blamed on the left. It's a key text linking the right and fa Though written in dull, academic style, this story exploded on the scene in the early s, with various European governments confirming it. It's a key text linking the right and false terrorism as policy. View 1 comment. Jan 24, Anthony James rated it liked it Shelves: When you don't know what to say sometimes it is better not to say anything at all.
Jan 29, Kersplebedeb rated it it was ok Recommends it for: Would have been a four-star book had the translation not been so crappy - truly unfortunate. Nick rated it liked it Aug 08, Murat rated it liked it Jan 14, Glenn Muise rated it it was amazing Mar 22, Vincent Carl rated it it was amazing Mar 24, Molly rated it really liked it Apr 20, Grhope90 rated it liked it Oct 19, Juhoahava rated it really liked it Feb 14, VacuumCleaner rated it really liked it Jun 23, Pengovsky rated it really liked it Oct 16, Youkho rated it liked it Mar 06, Gradesky rated it it was amazing Jun 28, Steven Van Den Berghe rated it liked it Mar 21, Tom rated it really liked it Feb 10, Alasdair rated it really liked it Feb 15, Buffalo Roy rated it it was amazing Oct 19, Gokhan rated it really liked it Apr 27, There are no discussion topics on this book yet.
Readers Also Enjoyed. Videos About This Book. In numerous countries, from the 40s to the 90s, such as Belgium, Italy, France, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Turkey, these right-wing Trojan Horse forces controlled mainly by the United States, engaged in massacres, torture, multiple coups d'etat, and other violence. While it is known the countries in the Soviet Bloc enjoyed at best a limited degree of sovereignty--in fact, this was stated quite openly by Brezhnev and other Soviet leaders, the countries in Western Europe, where freedom was said to reign in contrast to the Soviet bloc, also enjoyed only a very limited sovereignty due to these secret, US-controlled organizations.
In the Western case, however, this was not open, it was kept secret.
John F. Kennedy's assassination followed a period of leftist political success in Italy and a secret, right-wing, CIA-controlled subversion campaign.
NATO's Secret Armies - Independent Media Center
Kennedy insisted on a compromise with the Italian left. After he was assassinated, a right-wing coup went ahead in Italy under the auspices of the CIA and its Italian operators. The purported and much-discussed dysfunction of democracy in places like Italy, Greece, and other countries was really a result of manipulation and terror at the hands of these CIA-controlled terrorist forces.
In the West German state of Hesse, in the early s, authorities--believing in the de-Nazification program--discovered, broke-up, and arrested the Nazis and neo-Nazis comprising the local, CIA-controlled secret army without realizing they were run by the United States. The US protected the individuals involved and the West German government was compelled to drop any further investigation.
In , West Germany's entry into NATO was dependent on the American condition that West Germany would refrain from pursuing right-wing extremists, a demand the West German government felt compelled to accept. Between , a series of false-flag massacres blamed on communists took place at the hands of these right-wing terrorists and, in one case at least, included the participation of US Marines, in the Brabant region of Holland.
Though the CIA possessed a list of these right-wing terrorists, and controlled them, the Dutch Prime Minister at the time, Ruud Lubbers, said it would be "pretty much lethally dangerous" for him to talk about it. The worst, but not the only, massacre carried out by these CIA-controlled terrorists occurred in Italy.
On August 2, a bomb went off in the Bologna railway station killing 85 people and injuring some others. It was blamed on Italian communists as part of a campaign to manipulate Italian politics and move the country's political culture to the right. The horrifying part is harder to excuse.
Observers of the secret Cold War assumed the existence of the networks; so there are occasional references to the stay-behind networks in spy memoirs and literature. But by and large the subject was acknowledged with a wink and a nod.
Until almost the end of the Cold War. Over the years since there has been a recurrent stream of revelations regarding similar networks in many European nations, and in a number of countries there have been official investigations.
This is a significant and disturbing history.
The notion of the project in the intelligence services undoubtedly began as an effort to create forces that would remain quiescent until war brought them into play. Sometimes these efforts involved violence, even terrorism, and sometimes the terrorists made use of the very equipment furnished to them for their Cold War function. These latter actions resulted in the effective suppression of knowledge of Gladio networks long after their activities became not merely counterproductive but dangerous.
However, this 'book' PhD dissertation containing the above quotes is unfortunately housed at However, the above pdf url is direct and you don't have to look at the site hosting the pdf. How the pdf location affects the veracity of the Gladio and related information in the dissertation pdf , I leave to your own judgment.
However, I assume that both Freepers and Eisler are smart enough to process the information and its veracity for itself and on its own merit.If Daniele Ganser is a good historian, he should not write uncertain things in his book. Knowing him to have been an important general, the Americans then flew him to Washington where he met with US President Truman.
More videos Tony Szamboti even said that crucial elements were left out of the reports. Central Intelligence Agency.
It's a key text linking the right and fa Though written in dull, academic style, this story exploded on the scene in the early s, with various European governments confirming it.
Ergenekon allegation. Refresh and try again. In the case of Germany, the US carried on a public de-Nazification program after the war in concert with the German government even as it recruited some of the most vicious war criminals as allies, such as Klaus Barbie the Butcher of Lyon and Reinhard Gehlen a Nazi intelligence chief whose organization was turned into the West German intelligence agency which later became the Bundesnachrichtendienst, the BND , along with hundreds of others.
On August 2, a bomb went off in the Bologna railway station killing 85 people and injuring some others.