THE PATH TO WING CHUN SAMUEL KWOK PDF DOWNLOAD

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The Path to Wing Chun [Samuel Kwok] on bernasungueta.ga *FREE* Book by Kwok, Samuel. Wing Chun Kung Fu: Traditional Chinese Kung Fu for Self- Defense and Health. + Get your site here, or download a FREE site Reading App. Author: Samuel Kwok Pages: Publication Date Release Group: Book Download Download The Path to Wing Chun | PDF bo. Sil Lim Tao the First Form - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. bernasungueta.ga . Tribute to Sam Kwok's teaching Tribute from Paddy Monaghan Wing Chun Books The Path To Wing Chun Martial Arts Principles . Orchestration Samuel Adler.


The Path To Wing Chun Samuel Kwok Pdf Download

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download Path to Wing Chun 2 by Samuel Kwok (ISBN: ) from site's Book Get your site here, or download a FREE site Reading App. GRANDMASTER SAMUEL KWOK. Saturday 15TH December , Battersea, London UK. Learn authentic Ip Man Wing Chun kung fu. Improve your Wing. Official Wing Chun Kung Fu website for Sam Kwok's, Ip Man linage Wing Chun. The site contains lots of info on the Martial Art Wing Chun. Find classes, download.

Chi Sau Unique to Wing Chun is "Chi Sau" or Chi Sao , a form of training to help develop and put into practice your techniques and theories you learn during your training. Chi Sau teaches and helps the student to develop a responsive reflex, along with good position, how to overcome your opponents strength, correct usage of energy and taking advantage of the shortest possible distance between you and your opponent.

Chi Sau will also help with sensitivity, or "reacting to feeling rather than sight". In addition to this Chi Sau helps students learn to react to unpredictable movements as there is not set of predefined movements. The Forms The principles, theories and techniques of Wing Chun are founded on the three hand form and the wooden dummy techniques. Ip Man taught many famous martial artists including the late Bruce Lee.

This linage can trace its history back to the origin of Wing Chun. It was Ip Man's dream to make the Chinese martial art Wing Chun, a well respected fighting system around the world, and through tuition by his sons, Samuel Kwok has played his part over the last twenty five years.

Sam Kwok has helped bring Wing Chun to the forefront of Martial arts practice today. There are many martial arts schools and instructors up and down the United Kingdom, as well as across Europe, in Denmark, Germany, South Africa, Australia and the United States to name a few.

Many of the Sifu's at these schools owe a great deal of their understanding of the art to the influence of Samuel Kwok's teaching of traditional Ip Man style Wing Chun Kung Fu.. Wing Chun or Ving Tsun? The reason for these differences is because Chinese text does not translate precisely into Western letters or even western speech. However the name is not the important thing. The most important thing is that the student learns an effective form self defence and fighting.

The martial art is a style of Kung Fu. Kung Fu roughly means time and effort and originally referred to any skill painstakingly developed.

Or course I am going to spread our Kung Fu and to make it known. Martin is going to do a very good job. I have great confidence in him. The Chinese government promotes modern Wushu. Hung Gar and other traditional styles have to grow together. We have to be a strong family and must not separate but instead come together.

Martin is going to do it very well. I can feel that. GM Martin Sewer: What kind of advice would you give to your grand children of today? Surely, you have already realised that. Even if you just have a minute, keep at it. This is your mindset, your attitude. Keep on going. Keep this attitude. This is good for your health, your body, your muscles and finally also for your mind.

I have improved many things and our Hung Gar has become even better. Our Hung Gar family is very strong everywhere. All teachers in different countries have to collaborate more, help and support each other. I hope and I wish that the new generation follows my lead. Thus, we are getting better and better. Chiu Chi Ling, for this interview.

I hope that many people are going to read this and follow our lead. Systema "We continue this month the anthropological analysis of the Russian Systema and its origins" imilarly, according to popular beliefs, in a whirlwind of air celebrates the wedding of a witch with a devil. They are invisible, but if a knife is thrown into the whirlwind, the unclean will immediately appear in the flesh and come to the service of the daredevil.

Here the knife acts as an object, subordinating strength to itself. Images of water, mermaids, woodpeckers, house, yard, bannery, etc.

Dream and our fantasies are also to some extent real, although there is reason to believe that this reality is special Myths and tales contain symbols of real life. This we can see in the prophetic epic "How the Holy Mountains let out of their stone caves their Russian mighty heroes. Misheev and published in abroad. According to Misheev, during the performance of the epic, the folk storyteller so truly contemplated something "behind" those present, that he even wanted to look back to see the unknown himself.

I will not retell the past, I will briefly introduce you to the S fact that it was commented on in by a researcher, historian and ethnographer SO Prokofiev: "Of the five Russian heroes mentioned in the epic, three are of particular importance: Ilya, Dobrynya and Alyosha.

In the full cycle of Russian epics, they occupy the central place and personify It [the temptation. Therefore, it is he who seduces the other heroes to pride by their purely external earthly strength, to praise only head wisdom. Having arisen in the soul of the conscious, this Luciferic temptation quickly spreads to the other two members of the spiritual being of the Russian man, represented by the images of Dobryny and Ilya.

And what was revealed to them is the perpetration, in their absence, of the persecution of all Holy Russia by "Krivda": As for Holy Russia, Krivda went roaming. Having purified themselves by suffering, the Russian heroes leave the bowels of the Holy Mountains and begin the battle with Krivda. They oppose it in a special order: "in front Ilya, on the right Dobrynia, on the left Alyosha, behind Ivan, and around from all sides, where only his power is needed - Vasily.

The number , which is half the number of the apocalyptic beast, reveals to us the mystery behind Krivda. This figure in the epic is contrasted with another: Ilya is armed with a "mace in forty poods". The number of forty points to the direct connection of the hero with the spiritual world. Forty days are the time between the resurrection of Christ and his ascension. After the death of a person, his soul, according to the belief, finally merges with the spiritual sphere.

The very sequence of "Ilya-Dobrynya-Alyosha" is connected, as we have seen, with the path leading to the spiritualization of the conscious soul, from which a new spiritual life must grow in time. Its beginning is already Alyosha's question, the given "light-Egoriyah". Thus, in general, we get the following picture: At the same time, Ivan's impulse is, as it were, metamorphosed and raised to a higher level by the economic impulse of Ilya the latter happens after all from the peasant family , and Vasily's impulse is metamorphosed by the impulse of Dobryni, boyar son In connection with the conversation about how the highest sacred reality can be revealed with the help of symbols and metaphors, I propose to consider the topic of crossroads, crossroads.

Since ancient times crossroads were called crosses. In addition, it was believed that the ancestors love to gather on the crosses and attend battle fights, observing the ability of their kind to live and struggle "[15]. Usually crosses were far from the village, somewhere in the forest, most often this place was a constant place of fortune telling.

In the ancient Russian mythological tradition, the mountain, the river Smorodin and Kalinov Bridge were the image of a barrier that arose after death on the warrior's way into the bright kingdom of Viri, when the soul of the soldier was sent to another world, to his ancestors "[16].

The battle on the physical plane modeled the warrior's way in the world invisible. Systema Dmitry Skogorev The problem of choosing the path is connected with the intersection. Choosing and being able to make choices is a reflection of inner flexibility and freedom of behavior.

The lack of choice is a consequence of narcissism and inability to move away from stereotypes. Let's admit, some actions bring benefit or give a positive result one, two times, and then for the seventh time you can not get the desired result. If a person still continues to do the same, he will refuse to choose and flexibility of behavior. As a rule, this leads to a loss of visual acuity, an inability to soberly assess the current situation.

In Russia, the concept of "fate" is associated with the image of a beautiful girl the symbol of Rus. Fate is not uniform - it's both Liho and Talan; and weekdays, and holidays, between which all our successes and failures are located.

The purpose of human life is to live it dignifiedly, as a result of recruiting a certain complex of virtues to enter the blessed firmament of the island of downloadan - to approach God.

The choice of actions in each situation is the choice of one's step on the ladder of the ascent to God. Life in general is viewed as a path up the ladder, and every act either raises a person to a step or several steps to the Light, or lowers it downwards - to the Darkness.

Therefore, a special place in our tradition is occupied with the concept of the exploit. Not a step on the stairs, but a strong shift, a leap that brings God closer.

According to Orthodoxy, "there is a visible and sensible struggle, where the enemies are visible, corporeal; but, on a par with this abuse, there is also the mental and invisible warfare that every Christian perceives since the day he baptized and gives before God a vow - to fight for Him, to the glory of His divine name, even to death, and the enemies incorporeal and implicit, from what are the different and the fancies of the flesh, demons are evil and hateful, day and night who do not cease to fight against us.

Warriors fighting in this invisible battle are essentially all Christians: Jesus Christ is the Systema Dmitry Skogorev military leader, surrounded and accompanied by the chief captains and monarchs, that is, all the ranks of angels and saints; the battlefield, the place where the struggle takes place - there is our own heart and the whole inner world of man, the time of battle is our whole life.

What is the essence of the weapon, in which this invisible warfare clothe its warriors? A helmet for them is a complete disbelief and self-inflicted selfincrimination; shield and chain mail - a daring faith in God and a firm hope in Him; armor and breastplate - the doctrine of the suffering of the Lord; belt cutting off the fleshly passions; shoes - humility in their infirmity, constant recognition and feeling; Spurs - patience and temptation; The sword, which they hold unceasingly in one hand - a prayer, both verbal and mental - heart; the spear of the triostrian, which is held in the other hand-a firm determination not to agree to a great passion, to tear it away from itself with anger and hatred from the heart "[18].

Who will live by Krivda. These lines are taken from the "Dove Book" - an ancient epic verse. Since time immemorial, the symbol of the battle between Krivda and Pravda - two clasped wolves - has become the emblem of the Russian military outlook "[19] Figure 3.

The symbol of martial arts Systema [Rybakov, ] BA Rybakov on the meaning of this composition writes: "The meaning of this pair composition, obviously, is to give the symbol of struggle, the opposition of equal forces. The presence of a magnificent sprout between the bodies of wolves, perhaps, indicates the cause of the struggle - the struggle for vitality, personified in medieval art by a sprout, budding bud, a hint of hop "[20].

The world, which is a struggle and the unity of opposites, people gave their name, dividing it into two camps, white and black, good and evil, Truth and Krivda, etc. In Russia, from time immemorial, there was understood "reality" and "nav".

Reality is the light power that governs the world. Confronts the Nav. Nav is a dark power that governs the world. Yav and Nav are true opposites. When we apply and navi, we get, as noted in the work of G. Bazlov, a pragmatic place the right , which we can perceive in a certain state of our consciousness.

Here space and time are intertwined. Rule - the universal law established by the Creator, according to this law there is peace. This is the future, the future, the present. Reality is what is called order, fret, cosmos, samsara.

This is a cosmic mind in which every single thing has its own order. The orders of different things can be similar and at the same time have individual differences. Each epoch has its own order, called explicit time. Nav - the absence of order, discord, chaos, nirvana. Great uncertainty and infinity is the Nav the free world. These opposites constantly replace each other. To do this, he must kill the beast Krivdu in himself and around him, only after that he can enter the Kingdom of Heaven or according to the pagan tradition to pass over the Smorodina River Smor - death - Killing along the Kolinov Bridge Kolo circle, cycle of a new life in a new capacity , to defeat the Serpent guarding the bridge leading to the downloadan Island, not to break into the river of non-existence - the Smorodin.

This can only be done by a person capable of self-sacrifice, devoid of self-interest and self-interest - Ivan the fool, a peasant son. How can the warrior Krivdu, embodied in the wolf we, on Earth or in the Serpent of Gorynych near the virgin lands of Virii, on the edge of the worlds be able to defeat the warrior?

Only following the path of Truth "[21]. As such a fighter with Kryvda consider the hero of the Russian folk tale "Ivan Bykovich". Let me remind you the story: In a certain kingdom, in a certain state, the tsarina, her favorite cook and cow, were born at one time. They were powerful forces. But Ivan Bykovich, cow's son, was stronger than his brothers, and so they decided he would be the eldest. Somehow the brothers went for a walk in the garden and found a huge stone.

Ivan Tsarevich could not move him from his place. Ivan, the cook, son, the stone moved a little. And Ivan Bykovich "how he will move his foot - a stone agiot wailed, rolled to the other side of the garden and broke many trees. Under that stone the basement was opened, in the basement there are three horse heroic, the harness hanging on the walls: there is something good for the good fellows to clear up "[23].

This stone was just at a crossroads, the moment of choice, when the white and black wolves, Krivda and Truth fight for the human heart, trying to influence the way that man will go to the end of his days.

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The bogatyrs mounted horses and "started off on the road The forest is a different world, a different reality. And the hut protects the entrance to this world, it is not by chance that it stands in front of the forest, and to the backs that came, in other words, it is in the place of contact between our and non-our reality yav - nav.

Lives in the cabin of Baba Yaga. Baba-Yaga is an old and powerful sorceress sorceress. It is served by frogs, black cats, crows, snakes - all creatures in which threat and wisdom "get along". Dmitry Skogorev Systema Baba-Yaga in fairy tales serves as an assistant, a conductor to another, alien, supernatural world. Baba-Yaga simultaneously belongs to two worlds located on the border , so it has great flexibility of behavior and has great power.

Ivan Bykovitch tells Baba-Yage that he is traveling with his brothers to the Smorodin River, to the Kalinov Bridge, he heard that there is not one miracle Yudo lives. They come to the Smorodino River; On all coast bones human, bones on knee will be piled! Says Ivan Bykovich: "Brothers! We drove into the alien side, we must live with care; let's take turns to walk.

But Ivan Bykovich did not rely on his brothers, secretly walked with them at night in the watch and fought for them with a threeheaded and six-headed monsters, that is, with evil spirits. He cut their heads and folded them under the Kalinov Bridge, and threw the bodies into the River Smorodin. Thus, he destroyed the impure force, destroyed it on the cosmic level, but he does not pass through the Kalinov Bridge, since this is the path of reincarnation, which at the moment he does not need.

Then Krivda, in the guise of miracle wives, tempts warriors, letting them hunger, thirst and sleep. And only Ivan Bykovich does not allow the impure force to fool himself and his brothers.

It did not work out a dark matter. Then Krivda does not affect the physical desires, but the positive spiritual qualities of the brothers. As an old witch told about it, dressed as a beggar, ran out onto the road and stood with a knapsack.

Ivan Bykovitch took out a chervonetz and handed it to the old woman; she does not take money, but takes him by the hand and in a moment disappears with him "[26]. Here we see an uncontrolled action that leads to a sad turn in life. A simple person is subject to his desires and does not control every action, thought, reaction. Utaman removed the gray hat Martial arts. Invisible abuse. From the collection of A.

Original, practico y brillante Ref. During my visit, Mishel shared with me old pictures and manual books that he owned. This name brought be back to my childhood memories of one of the pillars of Israeli martial arts.

Wing Chun Illustrated

I remember so many Judo and self defense books I used to read written by Moshe during my early years. I also recalled that he used to teach some fitness style and that he was known as the one who stood the Israeli Prime Minister on his head.

Feldenkrais' theory was that thought, feeling, perception and movement are closely interrelated and influence each other.

He was one of the greatest thinkers in the 20th Century and was way ahead of his time in promoting the idea that you can change your brain. With Professor Machado in the year , I began to follow the principles of Bioginastica as developed by Orlando Cani.

This whole way of natural body movement reminded of my childhood sense of freedom of mind, body and spirit. One day as I was in Tel Aviv university teaching some natural movement exercises a man asked me if I taught Feldenkreis Method. That made me smile, especially because the man asking the question was a Feldenkreis Method teacher, himself. On my visit to RCJ Machado in Texas, my very talented student and a teacher in his own right Ken Akiyama demonstrated how he is leading the study of movement into a new era.

Movement should be helpful in everyday life. Whether we are simply rising out of bed or fleeing from danger, our movements should be based on need.

Kapap VITAL Movement should be safe and help keep us safe; they should promote long term health and also be useful in times of emergency. Techniques should be approached with the mindset to optimize natural movements.

We work in groups to accomplish what no individual is capable of. Practice can be done alone or with a group. We are built to move and our health demands it. Feldenkrais had a scientific mind that pushed Japanese jujitsu which had exploded as an international phenomenon in the early s. Feldenkrais learn jujitsu techniques for real life application in the street.

He published a book on Jujitsu that was based on what he had learned fighting and teaching others and was intended as a training tool for the Haganah, or Jewish defense forces. In swordsmanship, in a duel, it is about life or death, not winning or losing. In addition, we practice fighting with all sizes, variations and combinations of swords made in bamboo as well as incorporating a wide range of movements and techniques.

In this DVD, Grandmaster Taejoon Lee explains in detail the bases of stepping, distancing, basic strikes to head, wrist, waist and legs, spinning leg strike, counters and an introduction to Ssang-gum, Twin Swords. At this moment, I can't find anybody better suited to undertake such significant task than Shi Xing Jing, also known by our readers by his Western name, Sifu Bruno Tombolato, whose passion for the Arts of China has led him to investigate tirelessly for years about this topic, so prone to deceit or mystification.

Bruno is a direct pupil of that Great Master and friend of this magazine, the monk Shi of Yang, Master of Masters and a true living icon of the Shaolin Temple. Through these pages, Bruno will share with you a lot of rich and proven information on a subject as interesting as indispensable of the Eastern martial heritage. Behind the Shaolin Temple you can see the Five Peaks Wuru , renowned for their landscapes and lush vegetation.

Its geographical position makes this mountain the center of the five famous mountains, and therefore the most important, given that, due to its strategic location, it was the epicenter of the culture, art and development of Buddhism and Martial Arts in China. It is said that he brought Buddhism to China during the reign of Emperor Xiaowen of the Northern Wei dynasty, where he was very well received and respected.

Therefore, Batuo became the founder and first Abbot of the Shaolin Temple. During his stay, he translated the Buddhist scriptures from Sanskrit into classical Chinese.

He translated the Vimalakirti Sutra and the Lotus Sutra. Shaolin About the arrival of Batuo in China, legend has it that one dawn, in March of the year , while a red sun started to slowly come up in the East, a man dressed in monk's cloths appeared in the horizon; he was medium build and had big eyes, populated eyebrows and a prominent nose. While still in India, one day, thirsty, he had approached the banks of a river in order to drink some water. Suddenly a thick fog spread everywhere, the clouds covered the sun and it was heard a whisper that came from the sky.

You will have to walk along more than 30 thousand kilometers of a rugged road; there you will meet your destiny and you can spread Buddhism in the lands of the East.

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BaTuo sailed in a boat through the Ganges River toward the East, crossed the Himalayan mountains and reached the capital of Tibet - Lhasa.

He then continued his way to the town of Yu Men in the Gan Su province. When he reached Yu Men city, BaTuo fainted from hunger and thirst, it had been nine months since he left India. On the verge of passing away, a man approached him and offered him food and water, and gave him a camel. The main red gate and the majestic halls of the Temple emerged from the grove of green pines.

Shaolin China, I hope that Your Majesty will help me". Your mission is the fate of my Wei Dynasty, it is the decree of the gods. You will have my full support, you have a great desire, just as I want. Have you thought of somewhere to start teaching Buddhism?

I would like to settle near that mountain. The following day they reached the SongShan Mountain. At dusk, as the sun with reddish tones was setting in the west, there could be seen on the horizon the five WuRu peaks wrapped in reddish clouds and surrounded by valleys, a brook and a beautiful vegetation.

BaTuo, fascinated by the beautiful landscape, told his disciples: "Here we will build the Temple.

The construction of the Shaolin Temple ended in May of the year On the day of the inauguration, BaTuo, accompanied by his disciples and natives of the area, waited patiently in front of the door of the Temple with the palms of their hands together, to welcome Emperor XiaoWen. Could you do the honor of giving a name to the Temple?

Combat applications of techniques from all forms, such as from Siu Nim Tao — structure and basics, Chum Kiu — footwork, turns, combinations - Chum Kiu is the key to combat, Biu Gee — will not leave the Master's house. Two-way energy — footwork — elbows — finger techniques — makeshift techniques — most effective attack techniques, Muk Yan Chong Fut — the "wooden dummy" techniques — strength in techniques — toughening up — footwork — angle work.

This works also includes excerpts from the Chi Sao programme and how to use these techniques in real combat, coupled with Fan Da techniques - effective and functional techniques with no frills. We will also discuss subjects such as simultaneity, structure, footwork, strength in techniques, plus many others, in detail.

Like a key that is used to unlock a door, this DVD can be used to decrypt and demonstrate the hidden applications and the power of the Ip Man Wing Chun system.

To understand Kyusho is to understand the knowledge of the reactions of the human body. In this DVD we will analyze the First Encounter, intended as the first analysis of a possible situation of confrontation, and the first evaluation of the possible progressions. We will analyze how Kyusho can help us and, as we know the reactions of the human body, we can reach the closest and most accessible point by anticipating the reactions of the aggressor.

Kyusho is the "turbocharger" of any technique, which can increase the effectiveness and efficiency of our action exponentially. And as the turbo for an engine is a part of a more complex and complete system, Kyusho is a part of any martial art, and can not replace the technical skill of the practitioner but can enhance any and all arts and techinques.

Each martial art has its strategy, its principles and its techniques. If we analyze pure Kyusho I need the knowledge of 3 elements: an area to hit, an anatomical weapon to use, and what we call "Force Multipliers" to attack the opponent internally.

True to our values, we have tried to share with you our approach to this area with the utmost humility. With no special effects, tricks or miraculous techniques, this work makes up a thorough analysis on the harsh reality of a knife attack.

Discover here the result of a part of our research and experimentation. We will see the 1, 2 and 14 Palamas Sets and their applications from a more traditional point of view, from the perspective of the "Ka" Karate and Kenpo , and then an application more suited to the Kajukenbo Kosho-Ryu school, working more the "Ju" aspects Judo and JuJitsu of the art.

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We will also study the first two Tricks or Punch Counters cons against fist attacks , Grab arts defenses against grabs , the GM Tony Ramos' cons, Knife counters against knife attacks , Club counters against stick attacks , various drills, and a sample of the work on the "Ju" aspects, emphasizing dislocations and controls. An excellent DVD that will help you assimilate the concepts and ideas of the Kajukenbo essential program, that GM Licesio Prieto will progressively develop in future works.

It is similar to a short sword, i. Its optimal length usually depends on the length of the user's for ear m. Most often, its length varies from 37 to 50 cm, as well as its weight which ranges from 1. For example, blocking an attack, defending oneself from an armed attacker, hitting the opponent, shooting at the opponent with a dagger, apprehending the opponent or breaking the opponent's weapon. It is believed that the Sai dagger was made as a shorter version of the trident.

The trident was a well- known and popular weapon among many nations across the world. The history of the trident is extremely long and very interesting. In many world mythologies, one of the most popular deities, i. The trident owned a certain symbolism in the hands of Poseidon because it represented a division of power and dominion among three gods- brothers by the power of which they ruled.

Zeus ruled the land and the skies, Had ruled over the underworld and Poseidon ruled over the seas. Also, it is known that in Indian mythology some gods used the trident which, in the Sanskrit language, is called trishula or trisula.

According to some theories, the trishula trident represents three philosophical texts found in Indian Veda's called Sattvika, Rajasika and Tamasika. In the later Buddhist period, this role was taken over by the god Shiva. The trident is often quoted as a weapon in various parts of the world.

So, for example, in Ancient Rome, famous gladiators called retario were armed with a trident and a net. Also, in Korea during the 17th and 18th century fights with a trident called Dangpa are also mentioned. Statues of tomb guards in China which date from the time of the arrival of Buddhism to that area are also armed with tridents.

This can also be seen on certain reliefs which represent tomb guards.

According to the basic traditional martial arts which were used there there are 18 , the trident is also one of them. Also, in Japan, an old fighting technique is also popular and it is mentioned in the Nin Jutsu skill under the name of Sasu Mata Jutsu a fishgig with three or four prongs.

In early Indian mythology and somewhat later in China, it is evident that various reliefs depict a dagger which is, in its form, very similar to the Sai dagger and which was used as a weapon by different Hindu gods. Later on, it was adopted by some Buddhist monks.

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Some historians believe that today's Sai, in fact, derives from a short sword which the Hindu god Indra holds in his hand.Each martial art has its strategy, its principles and its techniques. However, this theory is improbable for several reasons.

Last updated on 19 Oct Suddenly a thick fog spread everywhere, the clouds covered the sun and it was heard a whisper that came from the sky. It is, mostly, thought that the Sai dagger was used exclusive in pairs one for each hand and that they are carried attached to a belt, hanging down the thighs, one on each side.

It is made of metal and its length ranges from 26 to 46 cm, and weights from 1 to 1. The Sai dagger is constitued of a couple of parts that hold the following Japanese names: the handle is called Tsuka and its very end Tsukagashira; the tines shields are called Yoku; the central point where the branches meet is called Moto; a sole branch of the dagger is the Monotsuki and the top of the dagger Saki. The experienced and the novice.